Driving the Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway


Trips Into History traveled the historic and very scenic Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway. Here is a national Scenic Byway that travels through three counties of southern Colorado and through the Sangre de Cristo National Heritage Area.

blanca peak colorado

14,345 foot Blanca Peak in the Sangre de Cristo range

In North America, certain roads are designated as scenic byways based on their archaeological, cultural, historic, natural, recreational, and overall scenic qualities. America’s Byways are a distinctive collection of American roads, their stories and treasured places.

The name of this scenic byway means “the ancient road” and it is true that this roadway winds itself through an area that was once home to the ancient Indians of the southwest as well as the territory of Nuevo Mexico once ruled by Spain.

Travel on the Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway and you’ll have the opportunity to explore the culture and traditions of some of Colorado’s oldest communities. You’ll view the spectacular San Juan and Sangre de Cristo Mountain ranges as well as the high, fertile San Luis Valley which is today Colorado’s largest agricultural area. Also, along this highway you’ll explore the fascinating Great Sand Dunes National Park, the site of the highest sand dunes in North America.

las caminos antiguos scenic byway

Our Lady of Guadalupe Church, Conejos Colorado

Some of the Unique Sites Along the Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway

The entire length of the Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway is 129 miles and the travel time for it’s exploration will take perhaps four hours. Travel time will be dependent on how many stops you make along the way.  Interpretive markers along the way will direct you to specific sites that tell the region’s history and make the journey so enjoyable.This scenic highway is open during the entire year.

Our Lady of Guadalupe Church

This church was founded in 1856 and it’s parish is the oldest in Colorado. The first church was constructed of logs put together with adobe. In 1863 a larger adobe church was built.  Renovations took place through the years but the building was destroyed in 1926 by an electrical fire. The walls and towers were spared but new brick towers and a brick entrance were built in 1948.When you visit the church you’ll notice a niche above the front entrance near the roof line containing the statue of the Virgin of Guadalupe. This is the original statue brought by the first settlers of the area.

stations of the cross san luis colorado

Stations of the Cross, Chapel of All Saints

Shrine of the Stations of the Cross

In the town of San Luis Colorado you’ll see a mesa just a few yards west of the scenic byway off of main street. This is the location of the Shrine of the Stations of the Cross. A walkway up the side of the mesa leads past 3/4 size bronze statues by local sculptor Huberto Maestas. The statues depict Christ’s last hours. At the end of the three quarter mile walkway is the Chapel of All Saints which is used by pilgrims for prayer and meditation. On top of the mesa are additional statues of martyrs and saints.From atop the mesa you’ll see the town of San Luis below and the People’s Ditch, the oldest communal irrigation waterway in Colorado.

The mesa is named La Mesa de la Piedad y de la Misericordia (the Hill of Piety and Mercy) .Look for the interpretive signs at the trail head on the left side of the highway as you enter the town from the south.

fort garland colorado

Restored Fort Garland Colorado buildings

Historic Fort Garland

North of San Luis is historic Fort Garland, once an important frontier fort that was established in 1858 to protect settlers of the San Luis Valley and at one time commanded by Kit Carson and occupied by the Buffalo Soldiers after the Civil War.

Today, Fort Garland exhibits several restored original buildings and offers visitors several separate museums within the structures. You’ll see authentic frontier firearms, many artifacts from the 1800’s and recreations of original interiors such as the infantry and cavalry barracks and the commander’s quarters. All of the structures were built around a parade ground with it’s historic flagpole in the center.

Looking north from Fort Garland you’ll see the towering Blanca Peak rising some 14,345 feet above sea level. Blanca Peak is the fourth highest peak in Colorado.

On our Western Trips site you’ll enjoy our photo article of Fort Garland found on the link below…

A Trip to Fort Garland

alamosa colorado train station

Old D & RG Railroad Depot, Alamosa Colorado

Alamosa Colorado

Alamosa went from a tent city to a full fledged town almost overnight when tracks of the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad reached the settlement.Today, a great many of the buildings in Alamosa are on both the Colorado State Register of Historic Properties and the National Register of Historic Places.

One of the best ways to explore Alamosa is with a downtown walking tour. Maps are available at the Colorado Welcome Center located at the D & RG train depot. Add to your trip a visit to the San Luis Valley Museum. The museum exhibits artifacts, photos and collectibles that portray early farm life in the valley. Also exhibited are Indian and Hispanic artifacts and artifacts and photos of the early railroad.

The link below will take you to our photo article of Alamosa Colorado on our Western Trips site…

A Visit to Alamosa Colorado

great sand dunes colorado

Great Sand Dunes National Park

The Great San Dunes

The Great Sand Dunes National Monument was created in the 1930’s during the Great Depression. By the year 2004 the park also included a preserve. The preserve was then joined with the Great Sand Dunes Monument and was then the combined area was named a full-fledged National Park in September 2004. It contains about 39 square miles of massive sand dunes, some 750 feet high. The Great Sand Dunes National Park also includes alpine lakes and tundra, six mountain peaks in the Sangre de Cristo Mountain Range.

The Great San Dunes National Park is located about 29 miles northwest of Fort Garland and about 34 miles east/northeast of Alamosa.

Below is a link to our Western Trips photo article on the Great Sand Dunes National Park…

The Great Sand Dunes

rio grande scenic railroad locomotive

Rio Grande Scenic Railroad locomotive, Alamosa Colorado

There’s Plenty to See on the Los Cominos Antiguos Scenic Byway

The above sites along the Los Caminos Antiguos Scenic Byway are just a few of the sites you’ll see during your road trip. For more information about the route and additional sites along the way see website www.coloradodot.info/travel/scenic-byways/south-central/los-caminos  Here you will find much more detailed information as well as a map of the route.

Again, this area of southern Colorado is one of the most scenic and historic in the entire country. If your future travel plans call for a visit to this part of the country you may just want to add this historic scenic byway to your trip planner.

(Article and photos copyright 2013 Trips Into History)

The Cliff House of Manitou Springs Colorado


Manitou Springs Colorado, about six miles west of Colorado Springs and about 70 miles south of Denver, is one of the Wests most popular travel destinations and one you’ll surely want to visit if you’re in the area. The main road that runs through Manitou Springs is one of the main routes to Pike Peak. This alone made it a bustling town.

the cliff house at pikes peak

The Cliff House, Manitou Springs CO

Manitou Springs grew as a direct result of the mining going on in the Pikes Peak region during the late 1850’s. Like with many western towns, Manitou Springs has a very rich history and much of it’s history has been preserved to this day allowing travelers from all over the world enjoy.

When you’re looking for things to do in Colorado, one very interesting site is that of today’s Cliff House. If your travels take you to Colorado you will definitely want to add Manitou Springs and the Cliff House to your vacation planner.

The Cliff House

Many historic structures you visit in the west were at one time something else altogether. The Cliff House is no exception. The twenty room boarding house was at one time named simply “The Inn“. The Inn also served as a stage coach stop. Between the mining and the trapping and hunting going on in the area, many people passed through Manitou Springs. Hotel history tells us that at time the traffic through the area was so large that tents actually had to be erected around the inn grounds.

the cliff house manitou springs colorado

Patio at The Cliff House

Over the years this historic hotel has gone from a retreat for the rich and famous to barracks then to apartments and then was abandoned. When mining activity died down in the mid 1870’s The Inn lost a lot of business. After not too many years the mineral springs became quite popular and The Inn enjoyed a renewal of business. The Inn was purchased in 1886 by a man named Edward E. Nichols who had moved to Manitou Springs for health reasons. Nichols changed the name to The Cliff House and converted the structure into a luxury resort. The Cliff House gained quite a big reputation as a retreat for the wealthy. It’s guest list included such names as Theodore Roosevelt; Ferdinand, Crown Prince of Austria; William Henry Jackson; Charles Dickens Jr.; P.T. Barnum; Thomas Edison; Clark Gable; F. W. Woolworth; and, J. Paul Getty.

The structure went through a total renovation in 1999 and now is one of the finest resort hotels in Colorado. The Cliff House in Manitou Springs is a traditional olde world hotel with twenty-first century amenities along with elegance and charm and that Victorian feel.

mineral water at manitou springs

One of the public mineral water outlets at Manitou Springs

If your Colorado vacation includes spending time in Manitou Springs or if you’re headed to Pikes Peak, the Cliff House is one of your best choices in the area. Along with it’s Victorian era charm and it’s over 100 year history, you’ll find the Cliff House is within easy walking distance of everything in Manitou Springs. Another interesting fact is that The Cliff House is older than the state of Colorado itself. The Cliff House has also received the AAA Four Diamond Award.

The Birth of the Mineral Springs Industry

Manitou Springs, as it’s name clearly implies, is located near the springs. A this writing there are eleven springs open to the public.

According to the Manitou Springs Visitors Guide, the process which created the mineral springs begins with rainwater and snow melt from Pikes Peak and surrounding mountains  soak into rock fractures. As the water penetrates to a great depth, it then becomes heated and mineralized. The warm water naturally flows up into cavernous limestone where it becomes carbonated. At that point the water flows upward within the numerous natural and drilled springs throughout Manitou Springs.

manitou springs colorado dining

Outdoor dining at The Cliff House

Native Americans during the 1800’s respected the springs for their spiritual benefits. Anglos eventually traveled to Manitou Springs for the therapeutic benefits of mineral baths.

In the early 1900s, Manitou Springs was well known as a destination for people suffering with tuberculosis. In demand was the clean mountain air and the therapeutic mineral springs. A dry climate which the southwest is noted for was thought to help sufferers with this illness. Doctors prescribed a move west to many patients. Several other locations in the general area were recommended to sufferers such as Las Vegas New Mexico and Santa Fe New Mexico.Some relocated to southern California for the same reason.

miramont castle at manitou springs

Miramont Castle in Manitou Springs

Another site in Manitou Springs you’ll want to add to your Colorado vacation planner is the Miramont Castle. The Miramont Castle was added to the National Register of Historic Places in May 1977. The historic structure was built beginning in 1895 and is filled with great Victorian era artifacts which take you back to the very early years of Manitou Springs. Miramont Castle is located at 9 Capitol Hill Ave.

Links to three additional Trips Into History articles you’ll enjoy include a Visit to the Historic Plaza Hotel in Las Vegas New Mexico…..Historic Hotels of America and Could Be The Best Hiking Trail in Sedona Arizona

You’ll also enjoy our photo article…Ghosts in Historic Hotels

Visiting The Cliff House

If you visit The Cliff House you’ll also have many other attractions to enjoy. If you haven’t taken it already you do want to take the Cog Railway up to the top of Pikes Peak and it’s open year around. The Cog Railway departs from Manitou Springs.

The Cliff House offers fifty-four guest rooms including suites. Among the suites are named rooms such as the Teddy Roosevelt Suite and the P.T. Barnum Suite. The hotel’s address is 306 Cannon Avenue, Manitou Springs CO

If you’re visiting the Manitou Springs Colorado area you’ll definitely want to make a stop at The Cliff House, a trip back to the Victorian era.

(Photos from author’s private collection)